Vortex shedding control by identification of non-linear low order model

AURÉLIEN HERVÉ, DENIS SIPP, PETER J. SCHMID Euromech Fluid Mechanics Conference — Sep, 09 2012

Abstract:

This study aims at controlling a self-sustained oscillator flow, with non linear low order model predictive control. The setup is purely numerical, nonetheless it aims at providing an experimentally suited process to model and control large scale, globally unstable flows. For this reason, system identification techniques will be used to design a reduced order model, as they extract observable dynamics from a direct observation of the flow without relying on any a priori modeling of the flow. A spatial reduction that uses a modified Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) algorithm, along with a physics-based model structure will be used to capture the dynamics of the large scale structures, whereas the effects of the actuator will be taken into account by using temporal linear regressions. A two-dimensional NACA012 airfoil in high lift configuration at Re = 200 will be used as a typical example of strongly non-linear oscillator flow. Observations of the system at several Reynolds numbers will serve to design a rich dataset for identification, and the resulting model will be able to accurately simulate the flow within a large range of Reynolds numbers. To demonstrate the process, a non-linear control in full state configuration will be designed, and control result will be presented at Re = 200. Fig 1 shows the average kinetic energy of the perturbations in both the the uncontrolled, and controlled simulations that are obtained at the end of the process.

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